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雅思写作之逻辑关系成就7分之路

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雅思写作考试中如何拿到7分的高分呢?雅思写作中的逻辑关系是其中比较重要的环节,今天小编给大家带来了雅思写作逻辑关系成就7分之路,希望可以帮助到大家,下面小编就和大家分享,来欣赏一下吧。

【雅思写作】逻辑关系成就7分之路

在雅思写作考试中逻辑关系是重要的体现,常见的论证方法有举例论证,因果论证。因果关系的表达中大家最熟悉的莫过于because / so,还有很多其它表示因果关系的表达,比如:

1、Because系列(表原因)

1. because of : because后接的是一个句子(主谓宾);because of 后一般直接跟名词。

2. as / since (除了“因为“外,还有”自从”的意思,使用时要注意避免歧义)

3. thanks to (positive situations 通常适用于结果好的时候)

due to (negative situations通常使用与结果不好的时候)

owing to / attributable to /on account of

4.当原因需要的表达较多时,我们还可以把以上表达改写为原因状语从句,使用thanks to the fact that / due to the fact that / owing to the fact that 或者on the grounds that ......

5. caused by / result from 也表原因。

2、So系列(表结果)

1. thus/ therefore / thereby / hence

thus: 表示‘in this/that way’

therefore: 表示 ‘for this reason’ /‘because of this or that’

thereby: by that means, as a result of that

hence: 表示 ‘from this/that’

2. as a result / as a consequence

3. consequently /accordingly

consequently 更偏重因果逻辑;accordingly 更偏重后续解决

3、名词系列(因果)

1. cause (of sth)/ reason 原因

Obesity can be divided into three main causes – diet, lifestyle and education.

2. result (for sth)/ effect 结果

Another result is lack of self-esteem.

3. causality 因果关系(cause and effect) causation 原因

The correlation between population and housing price does not indicated causality, only the association.

4. impact/influence 影响

This area is often overlooked but has a tremendous impacton your life.

4、形容词系列(因果)

表示因果的形容词不是很常用,使用时多和 factor, element 结合

1. causal 原因的,因果的

Low income and elderly are among the potential causalfactors of prevalence of obesity among adults.

2. consequential 结果的,随之发生的

Measures other than ratings will prove more consequential.

3. influential 影响的,有影响力的(大多数情况下使用第二个意思)

Family is the most influential factor on happiness.

2017年12月9日雅思考试写作真题大作文高分范文

题目是:A rise in the standard of living in a country often seems to only benefit cities rather than rural areas. What problems might this difference cause? How might these problems be reduced?在一个国家,生活水平的提高似乎只会让城市而不是农村地区受益。这一差异会造成什么问题?如何减少这些问题呢?

雅思写作范文:

Economic success in many countries has brought about the improvement of living conditions. However, rural areas tend to fall behind urban areas in this aspect and a series of problems may arise as a result.

Undoubtedly, the urban-rural gap is unfair to the rural population, and more people are expected to migrate to the city in pursuit of a better life. The massive migration would cause the shortage of resources in education, healthcare and transportation in the city. The soaring house prices and severe traffic congestions in major cities are good examples of this, illustrating that the urban infrastructure virtually cannot accommodate the fast growing population,

In addition, for those rural residents, swarming into large cities does not seem to be an ideal choice. The fierce competition in the job market, together with their disadvantages in terms of personal resources, may make them frustrated and disappointed. Their leaving can also worsen the shortage of labor force in the countryside, impeding its economic progress. With the urban-rural gap further widening, a vicious circle would be formed.

To break this circle, the government needs to play a leading role and the first step is perhaps to implement preferential policies to support the development of rural areas. For instance, by subsidizing the agricultural sector, the income of farmers would increase and then more people would choose to do farm work. Another solution is to construct small towns and relocate some enterprises out of large cities. If more jobs were created and the local government's revenues were raised, fewer people would leave their hometown and the disparity between the city and the countryside would be narrowed.(272words)

2017年12月9日雅思写作大作文7分范文

题目:A rise in the standard of living in a country often seems to only benefit cities rather than rural areas. What problems might this difference cause? How might these problems be reduced?在一个国家,生活水平的提高似乎只会让城市而不是农村地区受益。这一差异会造成什么问题?如何减少这些问题呢

解析:本周雅思作文是关于生活水准的提高带来的城乡差异等问题,以及其解决方式。

那么城乡差距到底会带来那些问题呢?比如说资源的分配问题,城市会分配到越来越多的资源,越来越先进,而农村则会相对越来越落后。随之带来的影响包括劳动力人口向城市涌入,造成城市资源短缺,就业市场竞争激烈;而农村则会出现教育水平低下,基础设施落后等一系列问题。对于城乡差异,我们应当加大对农村地区的基础设施和教育投入,让城乡和谐发展。

7分范文:

The cities have benefited more from the rise of living standard than the rural areas so that the gap between the urban and rural areas has been widened. Consequently, a series of problems related to the urban-rural gap arise.

As more budgets are invested in the infrastructure in the urban rather than the rural areas, urban population enjoy better educational and medical resources as well as more convenient transportation. To struggle for a better life, labors from rural areas rush into the cities, making the already limited city space more and more crowded and resulting in the prohibitively high cost of living. For those who migrate from rural areas to cities, they may have a hard time adjusting themselves to the lifestyle in cities since it is so very different from their previous country life. As a result, they will face a job market so competitive that it will be extremely difficult for them to find a satisfactory job. Then, with the ever increasing number of jobless young people come more serious social problems like stealing, robbing and other crimes.

Another concern is that it is not always possible for children from rural areas to get access to proper schooling in cities. Hence, these children have to be left behind in the countryside, separated from their parents, and eventually find themselves unable to compete with those who grow up in cities. Very unfortunately, as the educational resources keep pouring into the cities, the rural children will remain unable to use them, which means the educational gap between the urban and rural children may exist for quite a long time.

To break up the vicious cycle that will lead to a wider urban-rural gap, the government is obliged to balance the development of cities and rural areas by investing more money in the public services such as schools and hospitals and providing more job opportunities in rural areas. Besides, agricultural tourism can be developed to bring income for the rural population. For those eager to move to cities, the government should offer them more training opportunities to ensure they can find their position in cities.(353 words)

高分表达:

Consequently 结果......

Arise 出现

Result in 导致

Prohibitively 出奇地

Adjust oneself to... 调整自己以适应......

Eventually 最终

Vicious cycle 恶性循环

Ensure 确保

2017年12月9日雅思写作大作文原创范文

题目是:A rise in the standard of living in a country seems to only benefit cities than rural areas. What problems might this difference cause? How might the problems be reduced?原创来自小站范钰红老师。

1.范文解析

范文解析 解析:本文属于社会生活类话题。其文体为说明文。考生在布局篇章结构时,可以对应问题确定主体段的内容。对于本题中城乡差异导致的问题和解决方面考生应该不难想出,词汇和短语方面也主要是关于社会服务以及经济发展。总体来说,本题难度系数并不是很大。

2.原创范文

In the course of national economic progress, the imbalanced development between urban and rural areas has become a big concern for the authority, as it may give rise to a series of more pressing issues, which I would illustrate as follows.

Among those problems, the explosion of population in megacities is an inevitable one. Apparently, the sound public facilities and adequate educational resources attract a large quantity of people to flood into cities. Statistics show that in 2006, the total of residents in Shanghai ( a metropolis in China) was about 24. 20 million, of which approximately 40% of them were non-natives. Obviously, under such circumstance soaring house price and the heavy burden on traffic system are deemed as the consequent troubles. Most working class can hardly afford a private home or an apartment and traffic congestion is so common in every rush hour, demonstrating the urban infrastructure virtually cannot satisfy the demands of growing population.

What’s worse, this urban-rural gap may contribute to a vicious circle. As more locals swarm into large cities, the shrinkage of labour force in the countryside is worse, being an obstacle on the way to economic success. In consequence, the slow-paced rural economy renders the gap widens further.

In an attempt to diminish the gap, effective measures are supposed to be adopted and the first step is that the state should allocate more budget for the public service such as medical insurance, education as well as public transport in rural areas. Furthermore, the leading industries in countryside should be supported by government. For example, specific talents and high technology can be introduced to stimulate the agricultural development; historical experts can be hired to restore local cultural heritage so as to boost tourism industry. Only when public facilities were upgraded and local economy thrives, can people work and live in their hometown and the disparity between the city and countryside can be narrowed.(319 words)

3.文章结构

paragraph 1 :结合时代背景引入话题。

paragraph 2: 论述城乡差距导致的问题1(1.大量人口涌入城市以及其引发的问题)。

paragraph 3: 论述城乡差距导致的问题2(2.恶性循环)。

paragraph 4: 提出解决方法并总结。

4.高分结构

In the course of, … has become a big concern for… 在..的过程中,…已经成为了一个很大的问题

Only when, can… 只有当…的时候,…可以

5.高分话题表达

the imbalanced development between… and… …和…之间的发展不平衡

give rise to… 引起

the explosion of population 人口的爆炸

megacity 大城市

inevitable 不可避免的

sound public facilities 完善的公共设施

adequate educational resources 充足的教育资源

flood into cities 涌入城市

non-natives 外乡人

soaring house price 激增的房价

heavy burden on traffic system 交通及通的重担

consequent 随之发生的

working class 工薪阶层

traffic congestion 交通阻塞

rush hour 高峰期

urban infrastructure 城市基础设施

urban-rural gap 城乡差距

a vicious circle 一个恶性循环

swarm into 涌入

the shrinkage of …的收缩

an obstacle on the way to economic success 经济发展道路上的障碍

slow-paced rural economy 缓慢发展的乡村经济

diminish the gap 缩小差距

specific talents 专门的人才

stimulate the agricultural development 刺激农业发展

cultural heritage 文化遗产

boost tourism industry 促进旅游业

the disparity between… and … …和…的差距

2017年12月9日雅思写作真题范文之小作文

2.雅思小作文范文

The bar charts compare the average retirement age of females and males in seven nations in the years 2004 and 2008.

From the chart, it can be seen that except for Italian women, females in other six countries retired at older age in 2008 compared with those who retired in 2004. Besides, the retirement age of French women was youngest at 58.7 years old in 2004 and 58.8 years old in 2008. By contrast, Swedish females did not retire until they were at the age of 63 year-old in 2004 and 63.5 years old in 2008, which was the oldest retiring age among those mentioned countries.

Regarding to men, apart from those in Italy where they retried at the age of 63 in both years, male retirement age was raised in other nations in 2008 and the biggest increase was seen in the figure for males in Germany. It is interesting to note that the age of retired men in French was also the youngest but in Sweden the oldest.

Overall, it is noticeable that males worked for a longer period than females both in 2004 and 2008.(188 words)

3.高分表达

From the chart, it can be seen that… 从图表中我们可以看出…

compared with 相比较

By contrast 相比之下

Regarding to 关于

the biggest increase was seen in the figure for… …的数据得到了最大的增长

It is interesting to note that… 有趣的是,我们注意到…



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